Category Archives: Photography

Elegant Trogons of Arizona

My first good view of the male Trogon.

My first good view of the male Trogon.

While in Arizona for the Tucson Audubon Bird and Wildlife Fest, a barely got out to shoot or view any birds. However, Sunday evening after closing down the vendor area and packing up, I drove to Madera Canyon to seek the Elegant Trogons that still had young in their nest.

Upon arrival at the location, a met a couple who had attended the festival and they were patiently awaiting the birds’ return. As I set up my tripod, the male flew in, called, then flew back out of sight.

The second Elegant Trogon fledgling to leave the nest.

The second Elegant Trogon fledgling to leave the nest.

Suddenly one of the juveniles flew from the nest, followed by the other. They perched for a few moments outside the nest experiencing the surprise of their first free flight! After a few quick photos of the young birds, they followed the voice of dad and disappeared.

I waited patiently after the other photographers left. The light was waining and I was ready to walk away when I heard the male quietly calling a short distance up the trail. I followed the sound and there he was — the remaining light offering a faint rim around his shape.

As the light waned I was rewarded...

As the light waned I was rewarded…

After a bit, he flew down the trail and I followed, found an opening in the trees and waited. I was rewarded for my patience when he flew in right in front of me for a few brief seconds before disappearing high into the trees as the final rays of light dissipated.

—Kevin Loughlin

Light Ever Changing

St. Mary's Lake and Wild Goose Island @ 5:41 AM

St. Mary’s Lake and Wild Goose Island @ 5:41 AM

St. Mary's Lake and Wild Goose Island @ 5:53 AM

St. Mary’s Lake and Wild Goose Island @ 5:53 AM

St. Mary's Lake and Wild Goose Island @ 6:01 AM

St. Mary’s Lake and Wild Goose Island @ 6:01 AM

St. Mary's Lake and Wild Goose Island @ 6:13 AM.

St. Mary’s Lake and Wild Goose Island @ 6:13 AM.

I’ve said this before… “Nature photography is 98% patience…” Photography is all about the light and the light never stays the same.

The images above were all taken on the same morning between 5:40 AM and 6:15 AM. A short period of time, really. The weather was warm, though a bit breezy, pushing the clouds at a quick rate which caused the shadows and light shafts to continuously create new patterns.

These conditions need to be taken advantage of by photographers! However, you need to be prepared with your tripod, graduated neutral density filters (a 0.6 soft-edge ND was used on each of these images), and a remote release.

Of course… bring a big bag full of patience, too, then be ready for when nature provides!

–Kevin Loughlin

REVIEW: Canon 200-400/4L – One Year Ago

Kevin with Canon 200-400/4L at Bosque del Apache, NM.

Kevin with Canon 200-400/4L at Bosque del Apache, NM.


Unicorns are real! For years the rumors flew about this mythical creation coming from Canon. Nikon user snickered as they already had their black unicorn for many years. In fact, many Canon users went to the ‘dark side’ because of this very lens. Sharp and versatile, the Nikon 200-400/4 lens had a great reputation and following, and deservedly so.

I was tempted, too, I must admit. A Nikon D800 with a dedicated Nikon 200-400/4 sounded like a great combination. Both are excellent pieces of equipment. But I waited. And waited. And waited some more. The rumors grew. Then one day I saw some photos on the Internet. But was it real? The photos looked strange… it had an odd bump on one side. More photos surfaced, and they all had that same strange bump. Maybe it was real?

A few months after the first images surfaced, I arrived to set up my booth at the Florida Birding and Photo Festival. As I was working, I caught a glimpse of what appeared to be a white unicorn. Could it be? I waited quietly and yes, there it was, being hoisted up on its three-legged pedestal, an EOS-1D firmly affixed. I approached slowly…

The unique 'bump' on the Canon 200-400/4L houses the built-in 1.4x tele-converter.

The unique ‘bump’ on the Canon 200-400/4L houses the built-in 1.4x tele-converter.

Proof of existence! The Canon L-series plate.

Proof of existence! The Canon L-series plate.


Fast forward a few months. Production versions of the mythical beast, the Canon 200-400/4L with built-in 1.4x tele-converter was starting to ship and I received a notice from that they would be available rent in time for my upcoming Galapagos Photo Adventure. It arrived on my doorstep the day before departure and I immediately rushed it to my back deck to micro-adjust each of my Canon bodies to the new lens. I was ready… let’s see if this lens could handle the rigors the traveling nature photographer and the harsh environs of sand and salt, plus a couple days in the cloud forests of the high Andean mountains.

This Large Cactus Finch on Española Island was photographed with  a Canon 7D and Canon 200-400/4L @ 400mm. Exposure settings were 1/400 sec @ f/8 & ISO 400.

This Large Cactus Finch on Española Island was photographed with a Canon 7D and Canon 200-400/4L @ 400mm. Exposure settings were 1/400 sec @ f/8 & ISO 400.


The versatility of this lens was as I had expected… 200-400mm is a great range to be able to frame a wild subject just right. Adding to this is the close focus range of only 2 meters… even when the 1.4x is in place for an effective 560mm. The wildlife on the Galaoagos is very cooperative, so frame-filling portraits of Blue-footed Boobies and Galapagos Hawks were made possible.


A light rain was falling as this stunning Chestnut-breasted Coronet bathed and preened.

A light rain was falling as this stunning Chestnut-breasted Coronet bathed and preened.


In the mountains, where we photographed hummingbirds, the close focus came in very handy. I even added a 25mm extension tube which helped me get close enough for frame-filling images of even the smallest hummers. The focus was quick on both my 7D body as well as my 5D Mk III. The 5D having the edge with its newer system, which was much more accurate as well.


These Night Monkeys peered at us through the shadows of the rainforest of the Amazon.

These Night Monkeys peered at us through the shadows of the rainforest of the Amazon.


A few months later I rented the lens again. Heading back to South America, this time the lens would be put to the test during our Amazon Riverboat Cruise. A very different, yet equally harsh environment, the wildlife here is less cooperative, but much more diverse. Sloths and Night Monkeys in deep shadows below the forest canopy, kingfishers of five varieties challenging the speed of focus as well as our own reflexes and skills. The Canon 200-400/4L still shined in all situations.

It is a heavy beast at about 8 pounds, but I am able to hand-hold it for short bursts. It is the same weight as the older Canon 500/4L (the new 500 shaved off a pound). Like the 500/4L, the 200-400/4L is best on a tripod, but for birds in flight, or from a boat, hand-holding is often easier and more efficient.

In all situations I was never disappointed with the versatility, speed of focus and especially the image quality!

–Kevin Loughlin/Owner, Wildside Nature Tours

REVIEW: Nikon 1 AW1

Nikon1 AW1

The Nikon 1 AW1 wearing its waterproof 11-27.5mm zoom lens.


Back in the mid-1980’s, after getting SCUBA certified right out of college, I purchased a Nikon Nikonos system with strobe set-up. I carried a Nikons IV and later a Nikons V body with their 35mm and 80mm lenses. I could not afford to buy any added equipment beyond that back then.

Of course, there were major limitations with the Nikonos systems… mainly we could only shoot 36 images before having to surface and re-load as they were film cameras. We did not have zoom lenses that were waterproof. There was no motor drive… single shot, lever advance only.

I don’t do a lot of underwater photography anymore… mainly when I am on one of our tours, like the Galapagos Islands where we do a fair amount of snorkeling. So to save money, I have been using compact digitals in waterproof housings (very bulky) and later compact, waterproof models like the Olympus Touch and Panasonic Lumix waterproof models.

One major issue with the pocket-sized models was not having the RAW image format available, so when I saw the new Nikon 1 series announce the waterproof mirrorless AW1, I had to check it out!

When it arrived on my doorstep, I quickly opened the box and looked over the parts and yes, even read how to properly assemble the camera using the included o-ring grease. Once I knew exactly how to assemble the lens to the body properly for underwater use, it was done and the lens not removed. (This is important to know for what happened during use in the Galapagos.)

One of my clients joining me in the Galapagos purchased an AW1 for this trip as well, which made for an interesting comparison of experiences. We had the same lens as well… the Nikon 11-27.5 waterproof zoom. Nikon has a waterproof 10mm lens, too, but I wanted the versatility of the zoom for multiple purposes.


Wildside tour participant snorkeling at Santiago.

Wildside tour participant snorkeling at Santiago.


Our first snorkel adventure on this trip would be on the first morning while at Genovesa Island. This island, far to the northeast of the other islands, has the warmest water in the Galapagos. Not necessarily warm, but warmer than other islands due to the Panamic Current coming from the northeast.

We walked into the water from the beach, with some trepidation in the chilly surf. I finally went under and swam along the rocks where more fish were hanging out. Within seconds, my lens had fogged up behind the protective front element of the zoom. Everything was a misty blur. How disappointing! I continued to swim and enjoy the wildlife with my clients, checking the lens from time to time. Eventually, after about 10 minutes, the fog dissipated and I was able to take some photos and movies.


Blue-striped Grunts

Blue-striped Grunts

Galapagos Sea Lions are quite playful at times. This image was taken by our local guide, Pedro, using my Nikon 1 AW1.

Galapagos Sea Lions are quite playful at times. This image was taken by our local guide, Pedro, using my Nikon 1 AW1.

This first snorkel allowed me to play with settings and learn some functions of the camera to determine the ease of use while underwater. I was impressed. The controls were easy to understand and navigate on the large screen… as long as I was in the right light. When the sun peeked through the clouds, the screen became unusable.

My next snorkel would be the following morning at one of my favorite locations, Leon Dormido (Sleeping Lion), aka Kicker Rock, of the coast of San Cristobal Island. This huge volcanic remnant rises high above the ocean surface and offers beautiful snorkeling opportunities full of Sea Lions, Pacific Green Turtles, Spotted Eagle Rays, White-tipped Reef Sharks and many colorful fish and sea stars.

As the Humboldt Current (from Antarctica) flows around San Cristobal, the water is a bit cooler. So when I jumped in with the Nikon 1 AW1, it immediately fogged up, useless for about 10 minutes again. Now remember, I mounted the lens onto the body immediately after opening the box, and never took it off. There should be no moisture inside. My client, who had dome the same, had no issues with fogging to this point, so it was only my camera.

Once the fogging went away, I played with the camera controls again and found settings to adjust my screen and easily, even while underwater, brightened my view so I could more easily see my subjects. This made a huge difference in my composition and I now had fun photographing turtles and fish around Leon Dormido.

My standard default for nature photography is to use aperture priority for my exposure (with manual being a close second in usage). I set the AW1 to aperture priority and found it very easy to raise and lower the f-stop as desired for more depth or changing shutter speed. I still had full, easy use of the exposure compensation (+/-) as well.

I also found that underwater I liked using the 5-shot burst mode as my default as currents, wave action and subject movements made it difficult to compose. Using a burst of five shots I was able to get at least one shot in five composed well with each burst.

Over the next few days, I tried to reduce the moisture in the camera and lens by placing them in a zip-lock bag of rice (with caps on of course). This helped and the fogging issue was lessened. Another trick was to tie the camera to a rope and drop it overboard for 10-15 minutes before we went snorkeling. The combo worked great and I was able to maximize my photo taking while snorkeling.

My client still had no issues with fogging, until the very last snorkeling opportunity. Another favorite location at Santiago Island where we often get to swim with Green Turtles and Galapagos Penguins! At this snorkel, his Nikon 1 AW1 fogged up after being in the water for about 15 minutes… about the time the first penguin showed up!


This was a very cooperative Porcupine Boxfish.

This was a very cooperative Porcupine Boxfish.

This Galapagos Penguin swan through, around and between our legs as it caught and ate sardines!

This Galapagos Penguin swan through, around and between our legs as it caught and ate sardines!


During this snorkel I had fantastic opportunities with the Galapagos Penguin, including the image above. The camera’s focus speed was amazing when using the 5-shot burst, with the image above being the last of five as the penguin swam toward me!

Image quality was very good, though noise became an issue above 800 ISO and there were times I needed 1600 ISO in order to get a higher shutter speed when snorkeling on cloudy days. However, the images are sharp with good color quality, and since I was able to shoot in RAW (Nikon NEF) I had much more control in post processing to get the image I had imagined.

My overall impression? I love the Nikon 1 AW1 for my purposes… a bunch of snorkel trips during a tour, like the Galapagos Islands. For SCUBA it won’t be a popular as its maximum depth is only 49 feet (15 meters). The controls are easy to use, once you have practiced with them. Get used to the settings and buttons you use most and you will probably enjoy using the Nikon 1 AW1 as much as I do.


Article by Kevin Loughlin

Birder? Photographer? Birdographer!

Three-toed Woodpecker

Three-toed Woodpecker photographed by Kevin Loughlin during our Grand Tetons Spring Workshop

Many birders have become photographers… and vice versa… What about you?

Three-toed WoodpeckerBack in the old days of film photography, the line between birders and photographers was very clear. Most birders did not want to be bothered with carrying the extra equipment and photographers didn’t bother with binoculars.

This still holds true to a point, however, the line is much more blurred these days, especially when you take into account the innumerable digiscoping fans. In fact, the digiscoping ‘craze’ of 2005, in my opinion, introduced photography to many birders.

Mainly as a way to ‘prove’ their sightings, birders got hooked on digiscoping and it is even more popular today with scope manufacturers making accessories to help digiscopers get better images.

Digiscoping quickly led many birders to upgrade their compact cameras to DSLR cameras in order to have a lot more flexibility and higher quality. AFter all, trying to keep a high magnification scope on a fidgety warbler or a hawk in flight is extremely difficult! Once DSLRs, with their interchangeable lenses and high-speed drives hit the market, the quest higher quality photography gained even more popularity.

Fast forward to 2014 and we see birding festivals offering nearly as many photo workshops as birding field trips. Many birders have become photographers, but it is surprising how many photographers have gotten hooked on birds as their favorite wildlife to capture in pixels. Workshops to learn how to better capture hawks in flight or hummingbirds attract folks who may not be able to identify what they are shooting, but they are having a great time getting their images. With many, this has led them to wanting to know more about their subjects and eventually wanting to photograph different species in different locations… a photographic life list if you will, rather than just a written list. A birdographer is born!

I have to admit… I kinda started out this way. I enjoyed drawing birds as a kid in the 1960’s, and after getting my first camera at age six, birds were one of my favorite subjects. It wasn’t long before I was leafing through my mother’s Peterson Guide to figure out the birds I was photographing and eventually I was looking up all the birds I was seeing whether photographed or not! I remember getting my life American Woodcock while skateboarding around Promised Land Lake in the Pocono Mountains of Pennsylvania. Yes, I was carrying my camera, with my brand new (pre-owned) 300mm Accura lens on my Minolta SR-T 202. I was 15, so I did not yet have a driver’s license–skateboarding and bicycling were my only mode of personal, wheeled transportation to get to my favorite photo locations.

But I digress. Back in the early days of Wildside, I was offering photo instruction on all of our birding trips, plus offering photo workshops and tours. Of course, using film, participant did not know how well they did until a few days after getting home. Now we have instant gratification as well as instant learning tools, which can make a photo workshop even more fun and much more productive than they once were. Thanks to these new technologies, Wildside has added a lot more photo workshop opportunities… many of which are geared toward birds (without ignoring other wildlife, too).

Whether a birder with a camera or a photographer that likes birds… all birdographers will enjoy a number of our upcoming workshops!

–Kevin Loughlin

98% Patience for Great Nature Photos

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Pack Up or Keep Shooting?

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Shooting in Extremes

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Photographing Shorebirds in Cape May NJ

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Bring on the Stars!

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